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Spring Cloud Zuul遗失的世界(三)

xujin · 1年前 · 1422 ·

摘要: 接着上一篇《Spring Cloud Zuul遗失的世界(二)》,本文主要介绍Netflix Zuul core模块的Filter链的设计和Fifter Loader和Filter Manager相关代码的设计与分析。

一.Zuul Filter的抽象设计

1.1 自定义Zuul Filter

当我们使用Spring Cloud Zuul都会直接继承ZuulFilter,覆盖实现抽象类中定义的方法,如下所示:

public class PreFilter extends ZuulFilter {

    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(PreFilter.class);

    @Override
    public String filterType() {
        return "pre";
    }

    @Override
    public int filterOrder() {
        return 0;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean shouldFilter() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public Object run() {
        RequestContext ctx = RequestContext.getCurrentContext();
        String token = ctx.getRequest().getHeader(HttpHeaders.AUTHORIZATION);

        String labels = TOKEN_LABEL_MAP.get(token);

        logger.info("label: " + labels);

        CoreHeaderInterceptor.initHystrixRequestContext(labels); // zuul本身调用微服务
        ctx.addZuulRequestHeader(CoreHeaderInterceptor.HEADER_LABEL, labels); // 传递给后续微服务

        return null;
    }
}

1.2 IZuulFilter代码

定义 IZuulFilter interface,共同的常用方法

public interface IZuulFilter {
    /**
     * a "true" return from this method means that the run() method should be invoked
     *
     * @return true if the run() method should be invoked. false will not invoke the run() method
     */
    boolean shouldFilter();

    /**
     * if shouldFilter() is true, this method will be invoked. this method is the core method of a ZuulFilter
     *
     * @return Some arbitrary artifact may be returned. Current implementation ignores it.
     */
    Object run();

}

1.2 抽象类ZuulFilter代码

抽象类ZuulFilter实现IZuulFilter,如下所示

public abstract class ZuulFilter implements IZuulFilter, Comparable<ZuulFilter> {

    private final DynamicBooleanProperty filterDisabled =
            DynamicPropertyFactory.getInstance().getBooleanProperty(disablePropertyName(), false);

    //filter类型
    abstract public String filterType();


    // Filter的执行顺序
    abstract public int filterOrder();


   //是否是静态Filter
    public boolean isStaticFilter() {
        return true;
    }

    public String disablePropertyName() {
        return "zuul." + this.getClass().getSimpleName() + "." + filterType() + ".disable";
    }

    //Filter是否启动
    public boolean isFilterDisabled() {
        return filterDisabled.get();
    }

    public ZuulFilterResult runFilter() {
        ZuulFilterResult zr = new ZuulFilterResult();
        if (!isFilterDisabled()) {
            if (shouldFilter()) {
                Tracer t = TracerFactory.instance().startMicroTracer("ZUUL::" + this.getClass().getSimpleName());
                try {
                    Object res = run();
                    zr = new ZuulFilterResult(res, ExecutionStatus.SUCCESS);
                } catch (Throwable e) {
                    t.setName("ZUUL::" + this.getClass().getSimpleName() + " failed");
                    zr = new ZuulFilterResult(ExecutionStatus.FAILED);
                    zr.setException(e);
                } finally {
                    t.stopAndLog();
                }
            } else {
                zr = new ZuulFilterResult(ExecutionStatus.SKIPPED);
            }
        }
        return zr;
    }

    public int compareTo(ZuulFilter filter) {
        return Integer.compare(this.filterOrder(), filter.filterOrder());
    }


}

二.Spring Cloud Zuul的Filter管理

zuul支持动加载Filter类文件。实现原理是监控存放Filter文件的目录,定期扫描这些目录,如果发现有新Filter源码文件或者Filter源码文件有改动,则对文件进行编译加载。目前zuul支持使用Groovy编写的Filter。

2.1 FilterFileManager

groovy的文件filter加载,通过FilterFileManager,开启一个线程,开始轮询GroovyFilterFile的目录

public class FilterFileManager {

    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(FilterFileManager.class);

    String[] aDirectories;
    int pollingIntervalSeconds;
    Thread poller;
    boolean bRunning = true;

    static FilenameFilter FILENAME_FILTER;

    static FilterFileManager INSTANCE;

    private FilterFileManager() {
    }

    public static void setFilenameFilter(FilenameFilter filter) {
        FILENAME_FILTER = filter;
    }

    /**
     * Initialized the GroovyFileManager.
     *
     * @param pollingIntervalSeconds the polling interval in Seconds
     * @param directories            Any number of paths to directories to be polled may be specified
     * @throws IOException
     * @throws IllegalAccessException
     * @throws InstantiationException
     */
    public static void init(int pollingIntervalSeconds, String... directories) throws Exception, IllegalAccessException, InstantiationException {
        if (INSTANCE == null) INSTANCE = new FilterFileManager();

        INSTANCE.aDirectories = directories;
        INSTANCE.pollingIntervalSeconds = pollingIntervalSeconds;
        INSTANCE.manageFiles();
        INSTANCE.startPoller();

    }

    public static FilterFileManager getInstance() {
        return INSTANCE;
    }

    /**
     * Shuts down the poller
     */
    public static void shutdown() {
        INSTANCE.stopPoller();
    }


    void stopPoller() {
        bRunning = false;
    }

    // 开启一个线程,开始轮询
    void startPoller() {
        poller = new Thread("GroovyFilterFileManagerPoller") {
            public void run() {
                while (bRunning) {
                    try {
                        sleep(pollingIntervalSeconds * 1000);
                        manageFiles();
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }
        };
        poller.setDaemon(true);
        poller.start();
    }

    /**
     * Returns the directory File for a path. A Runtime Exception is thrown if the directory is in valid
     *
     * @param sPath
     * @return a File representing the directory path
     */
    public File getDirectory(String sPath) {
        File  directory = new File(sPath);
        if (!directory.isDirectory()) {
            URL resource = FilterFileManager.class.getClassLoader().getResource(sPath);
            try {
                directory = new File(resource.toURI());
            } catch (Exception e) {
                LOG.error("Error accessing directory in classloader. path=" + sPath, e);
            }
            if (!directory.isDirectory()) {
                throw new RuntimeException(directory.getAbsolutePath() + " is not a valid directory");
            }
        }
        return directory;
    }

    /**
     * Returns a List<File> of all Files from all polled directories
     *
     * @return
     */
    List<File> getFiles() {
        List<File> list = new ArrayList<File>();
        for (String sDirectory : aDirectories) {
            if (sDirectory != null) {
                File directory = getDirectory(sDirectory);
                File[] aFiles = directory.listFiles(FILENAME_FILTER);
                if (aFiles != null) {
                    list.addAll(Arrays.asList(aFiles));
                }
            }
        }
        return list;
    }

    /**
     * puts files into the FilterLoader. The FilterLoader will only addd new or changed filters
     *
     * @param aFiles a List<File>
     * @throws IOException
     * @throws InstantiationException
     * @throws IllegalAccessException
     */
    void processGroovyFiles(List<File> aFiles) throws Exception, InstantiationException, IllegalAccessException {

        for (File file : aFiles) {
            //更新则通过FilterLoader.putFilter()置入FilterRegistr
            FilterLoader.getInstance().putFilter(file);
        }
    }

    //每次轮询,处理目录内的所有*.groovy文件,即调用FilterLoader.getInstance().putFilter(file);
    void manageFiles() throws Exception, IllegalAccessException, InstantiationException {
        List<File> aFiles = getFiles();
        processGroovyFiles(aFiles);
    }  

}

2.2 FilterLoader

com.netflix.zuul.FilterLoader,编译、加载filter文件,并且检查源文件是否有变更,除此之外,它还按照filterType组织并维护List<ZuulFilter>

public class FilterLoader {
    final static FilterLoader INSTANCE = new FilterLoader();

    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(FilterLoader.class);

    private final ConcurrentHashMap<String, Long> filterClassLastModified = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, Long>();
    private final ConcurrentHashMap<String, String> filterClassCode = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, String>();
    private final ConcurrentHashMap<String, String> filterCheck = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, String>();
    private final ConcurrentHashMap<String, List<ZuulFilter>> hashFiltersByType = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, List<ZuulFilter>>();

    private FilterRegistry filterRegistry = FilterRegistry.instance();

    static DynamicCodeCompiler COMPILER;

    static FilterFactory FILTER_FACTORY = new DefaultFilterFactory();

    /**
     * Sets a Dynamic Code Compiler
     *
     * @param compiler
     */
    public void setCompiler(DynamicCodeCompiler compiler) {
        COMPILER = compiler;
    }

    // overidden by tests
    public void setFilterRegistry(FilterRegistry r) {
        this.filterRegistry = r;
    }

    /**
     * Sets a FilterFactory
     * 
     * @param factory
     */
    public void setFilterFactory(FilterFactory factory) {
        FILTER_FACTORY = factory;
    }

    /**
     * @return Singleton FilterLoader
     */
    public static FilterLoader getInstance() {
        return INSTANCE;
    }

    /**
     * Given source and name will compile and store the filter if it detects that the filter code has changed or
     * the filter doesn't exist. Otherwise it will return an instance of the requested ZuulFilter
     *
     * @param sCode source code
     * @param sName name of the filter
     * @return the ZuulFilter
     * @throws IllegalAccessException
     * @throws InstantiationException
     */
    public ZuulFilter getFilter(String sCode, String sName) throws Exception {

        if (filterCheck.get(sName) == null) {
            filterCheck.putIfAbsent(sName, sName);
            if (!sCode.equals(filterClassCode.get(sName))) {
                LOG.info("reloading code " + sName);
                filterRegistry.remove(sName);
            }
        }
        ZuulFilter filter = filterRegistry.get(sName);
        if (filter == null) {
            Class clazz = COMPILER.compile(sCode, sName);
            if (!Modifier.isAbstract(clazz.getModifiers())) {
                filter = (ZuulFilter) FILTER_FACTORY.newInstance(clazz);
            }
        }
        return filter;

    }

    /**
     * @return the total number of Zuul filters
     */
    public int filterInstanceMapSize() {
        return filterRegistry.size();
    }


    /**
     * From a file this will read the ZuulFilter source code, compile it, and add it to the list of current filters
     * a true response means that it was successful.
     *
     * @param file
     * @return true if the filter in file successfully read, compiled, verified and added to Zuul
     * @throws IllegalAccessException
     * @throws InstantiationException
     * @throws IOException
     */
    public boolean putFilter(File file) throws Exception {
        String sName = file.getAbsolutePath() + file.getName();
        // 如果文件在上次加载后发生了变化,重新编译加载
        if (filterClassLastModified.get(sName) != null && (file.lastModified() != filterClassLastModified.get(sName))) {
            LOG.debug("reloading filter " + sName);
            filterRegistry.remove(sName);
        }
        ZuulFilter filter = filterRegistry.get(sName);
        if (filter == null) {
            // 编译、加载文件
            Class clazz = COMPILER.compile(file);
            if (!Modifier.isAbstract(clazz.getModifiers())) {
                filter = (ZuulFilter) FILTER_FACTORY.newInstance(clazz);
                // 清空filter.filterType()类型的List<Filter>缓存,重新构建
                List<ZuulFilter> list = hashFiltersByType.get(filter.filterType());
                if (list != null) {
                    //重新构建某种类型Filter的List
                    hashFiltersByType.remove(filter.filterType()); //rebuild this list
                }
                //向Filter Registry放入新的Filter
                filterRegistry.put(file.getAbsolutePath() + file.getName(), filter);
                filterClassLastModified.put(sName, file.lastModified());
                return true;
            }
        }

        return false;
    }

    /**
     * 根据Filter类型返回同一类型的Filter
     *
     * @param filterType
     * @return a List<ZuulFilter>
     */
    public List<ZuulFilter> getFiltersByType(String filterType) {

        List<ZuulFilter> list = hashFiltersByType.get(filterType);
        if (list != null) return list;

        list = new ArrayList<ZuulFilter>();

        Collection<ZuulFilter> filters = filterRegistry.getAllFilters();
        for (Iterator<ZuulFilter> iterator = filters.iterator(); iterator.hasNext(); ) {
            ZuulFilter filter = iterator.next();
            if (filter.filterType().equals(filterType)) {
                list.add(filter);
            }
        }

        //根据
        Collections.sort(list); 

        hashFiltersByType.putIfAbsent(filterType, list);
        return list;
    }

}

把Groovy源码进行编译并加载进jvm里。

2.3 FilterRegistry

com.netflix.zuul.filters.FilterRegistry可以理解为就是用ConcurrentHashMap,在运行过程中存储Filter的数据结构,进行Put或Revome操作。

public class FilterRegistry {

    private static final FilterRegistry INSTANCE = new FilterRegistry();

    public static final FilterRegistry instance() {
        return INSTANCE;
    }

    private final ConcurrentHashMap<String, ZuulFilter> filters = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, ZuulFilter>();

    private FilterRegistry() {
    }

    public ZuulFilter remove(String key) {
        return this.filters.remove(key);
    }

    public ZuulFilter get(String key) {
        return this.filters.get(key);
    }

    public void put(String key, ZuulFilter filter) {
        this.filters.putIfAbsent(key, filter);
    }

    public int size() {
        return this.filters.size();
    }

    public Collection<ZuulFilter> getAllFilters() {
        return this.filters.values();
    }

}

2.4 DynamicCodeCompiler

com.netflix.zuul.DynamicCodeCompiler.java,主要是一个接口,定义两种加载编译源码的方法:

public interface DynamicCodeCompiler {
    Class compile(String sCode, String sName) throws Exception;

    Class compile(File file) throws Exception;
}

三.参考文章

http://microservices.io/patterns/apigateway.html